Values, images, and specifications for British coins.
The structure of what we now
know as the 'United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland' has significantly
changed over time, as the
Kingdom of England expanded
her territories in the latter
While there was significant conflict throughout this period of
expansion, and often England effectively ruled other kingdoms
and regions on and off much earlier than identified herein,
the dates we will use refer to formal unions and separations.
Following is a brief description of the significant formal changes, then below
is a basic flow chart of events, with linking pages related to described periods.
Wales became part of the Kingdom of England in 1536.
The Kingdom of Scotland was formally joined with the Kingdom of England
in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
In 1801 the Irish parliament was disolved, and the Kingdom of Ireland
joined a union with the Kingdom of Great Britain to become the
The end of 1921 saw the seperation of much
of Ireland from the United Kingdom, resulting
in the formation of the Irish Free State in 1922,
which was later renamed the Republic of Ireland.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland in 1922.
During British expansion many colonies were founded around the world,
at one point making the British Empire the largest ever known.
Many of these colonies have since become the modern countries we know today,
and while most now are independantly governed, many still retain the Monarchy
of the United Kingdom as their head of state.
1171 to 1541
C. 843 to 1707
1283 to 1536
C. 927 to 1536
1541 to 1801
1536 to 1707
1707 to 1801
United Kingdom of
Great Britain & Ireland
1801 to 1922
United Kingdom of
& Northern Ireland
1922 to Present
Irish Free State
1922 to 1937
1937 to 1949
Republic of Ireland
1949 to present
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